We have a strong interest and experience in comparative minimally invasive "Keyhole" endosurgical techniques, such as laparoscopy, thoracoscopy, cystoscopy, vaginoscopy, rhinoscopy, and flexible gastrointestinal tract endoscopy in mammals, birds, and reptiles

Zoological Medicine currently performs minimally invasive ("keyhole") surgery on a variety of wildlife and zoo animals worldwide, and ranging in size from 30grams to 1 ton in body weight. Romain Pizzi BVSc MSc DZooMed FRES MACVSc MRCVS, a Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons recognised specialist in Zoo & Wildlife Medicine, is director of surgery, and has spent considerable time training with leading human surgeons in a variety of minimally invasive surgical techniques. 

Some animals, such as this adult female giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) provide challenges due to their anatomy. Tallest of all land animals, and the largest ruminant, their large stomach makes access to abdominal organs especially difficult.

Canine thoracoscopic pericardiectomy (minimally invasive heart surgery in a dog) - Romain was the first veterinary surgeon to successfully perform this surgery in Scotland, in early 2006 at Inglis Veterinary Surgery.

Minimally invasive (keyhole)surgery in a female sloth bear with reproductive problems, in a zoological collection.

Keyhole biopsy of the kidney in a Mute swan, with chronic kidney disease. The inactive ovary is also visible in this adult female swan.

Minimally invasive, or "keyhole" surgery needs a large amount of specialist (and unfortuntely relatively costly) equipment, making its availability still very limited in veterinary practices and zoos.

Keyhole surgery to neuter a female mammal. This procedure is much less invasive, less painful, and leads to a much quicker post-operative recovery to normal excercise.

Keyhole surgery in a juvenile grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) in rehabilitation for release to the wild.


for everything to do with keyhole surgery in animals, please visit:

Provision of keyhole surgery in dogs, cats, rabbits and exotic pets can be arranged through your own practice, as we offer a mobile keyhole surgery service in conjunction with several practices in England and Scotland, and travel to practices with all our own equipment. If you are interested in this service and your practice does not offer keyhole surgery itself, please get your veterinary surgeon to contact us. Alternatively, for a list of veterinary practices worldwide that offer keyhole surgery in dogs and cats, please visit www.vetlapsurg.com